Basic Information about Acyclovir
Nowadays, Acyclovir is often used to treat different infections caused by specific viruses, such as cold sores, shingles and so on.
Many doctors also prescribe this medication to help their patients treat outbreaks of genital herpes and reduce the number of its possible episodes in the future.This means that it’s an effective antiviral medicine, but you shouldn’t consider it as a cure for all infections.
Acyclovir works by reducing the length and severity of infection outbreaks, thus, helping sores heal much faster and preventing the new ones from forming. If you have a weak immune system, take this medication to reduce the risk of viruses spreading to different body parts and resulting in more serious infections and medical conditions.
How You Should Use It
It’s necessary to take Acyclovir orally either with or without food, but make sure that you use it a few times a day according to the recommendations of your doctor.
You also need to drink a lot of water while undergoing this kind of treatment and keep in mind that this medicine works best if you start using it at the first signs of infection outbreaks.
The right dosage can be determined only by your physician after your careful examination. For example, when it comes to kids, their everyday dose must be based on their weight. You’re not allowed to skip doses, change them or stop this treatment without the approval of your doctor.
List of Possible Side Effects
Just like other medications, Acyclovir may lead to specific adverse effects, such as nausea, but the good news is that most patients who take it don’t have any unwanted symptoms at all.
You should inform your doctor once you notice such adverse effects as drowsiness, dizziness, mood changes, kidney issues, trouble speaking and so on. Don’t forget about quite rare serious side effects, including irregular heartbeats, unusual tiredness, fever, bleeding or bruising, dark urine, yellow skin, vision changes, seizures and others.
Besides, a few patients may experience allergic reactions to the ingredients of Acyclovir, so that you need to call a doctor if you notice itching, rash, trouble breathing and similar symptoms because they indicate an allergy.
Important Precautions when Taking Acyclovir
Before you start taking this medication, you need to inform your physician whether you have any allergies, about your medical history, especially if you have a weak immune system and kidney problems.
Keep in mind that the use of Acyclovir can make you feel drowsy or dizzy, and that’s why you shouldn’t drive a car or do other activities that require your full attention.
It’s also advisable to limit alcohol intake and tell doctors everything about other medications or supplements that you’re taking. For pregnant and breastfeeding women, take into account that Acyclovir passes into the breast milk, so that it shouldn’t be used during this period.
Possible Drug Interactions
You need to get a better understanding of them because they may change the effectiveness of Acyclovir and other drugs that you’re taking while increasing the risk of experiencing unwanted side effects.
Make sure that you don’t combine it with medications that may potentially cause kidney problems, including NSAIDs. You’re not allowed to use any medicine that contains valacyclovir because it works similarly to Acyclovir. Finally, you shouldn’t stop or start taking other medications without consulting your healthcare provider because you don’t know how they will interact with your treatment. It’s always good to be on the safe side to avoid unwanted health conditions.