Diflucan: Find Out More About the Drug
Diflucan (Fluconazole) is a drug that is commonly used to cure yeast infections and other Candida infections of mouth, blood, lungs, bladder and throat. It also treats Cryptococcal meningitis.
Apart from treating fungal infections it is prescribed to prevent infections in those with a vulnerable immune system: patients with HIV, premature babies, those who go through chemotherapy or radiation therapy, or have recently had bone transplantation.
Diflucan is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. It slows the growth of fungus by making its cell walls destroyed. It can be prescribed for children.
How to Use It
Diflucan is produced in oral tablets (50 mg, 100 mg, 150 mg or 200 mg) or in oral suspensions, which should be shaken before use. The medicine can be taken with or without food.
Take Diflucan as prescribed by your doctor, until the last day, even after the symptoms disappear. It is also not recommended to take the drug longer than prescribed, in smaller or higher doses. Do not forget to take your dose on time, because if you skip one, it can worsen the whole effectiveness of the drug.
Diflucan in tablets should be stored in a dark, dry place at room temperature (around 23-25 C). Liquid Diflucan that is more than 14 days old and unused must be thrown away.
Don’t take Diflucan if you are allergic to its active component or other azole drugs, or if you were ever addicted to Fluconazole. If you have kidney or liver disease, inform your doctor about it before using the medication. It is also recommended to consult a doctor if you have HIV or AIDS, heart disease, a history of long QT syndrome or cancer.
Large doses of Diflucan during pregnancy or breastfeeding are not recommended because they may cause birth defects during pregnancy. In the period of breastfeeding they may pass into breast milk and harm a child, however, a single dose is not supposed to make harm. Oral suspensions are not recommended for people with glucose or galactose malabsorption or intolerance, as well as sucrase-isomaltase deficiency and hereditary fructose intolerance.
Diflucan doesn’t usually cause any side effects. Sometimes patients experience nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, headache or dizziness. Those are considered common side effects. In rare cases patients may get more serious side effects, and a doctor must be informed about them at once. Patients might lose appetite, their skin would get easily bruised, the eyes and skin would become yellow, they would feel itching or experience flu symptoms. Also anorexia and seizures might occur.
Diflucan may cause allergic reactions: swelling of the throat, tongue, lips or the whole face, difficulty breathing, hives. You must call the emergency at once if you have any of those.
Contraindications and Precautions
Don’t take Diflucan with cisapride as it may cause heart problems or severe allergic reactions. Don’t take it with voriconazole and benzodiazepines, quinidine, pimozide and erythromycin as the drug’s side effects may worsen.
It may also cause hypoglycemia if taken with oral hypoglycemics, or bruising and gastrointestinal bleeding if taken with coumarin-type anticoagulants.
Diflucan increases the concentration of certain drugs in the blood (phenytoin, cyclosporine, theophylline, terfenadine and others).
That is why it is important to check their level regularly. When taken with rifampin the dosage of Diflucan should be higher. The drug may also worsen the effectiveness of birth-control pills.