Hydrocodone

Description

There are dozens of the different opioid analgesics. They are considered dangerous, but in spite of that, the modern medicine is impossible without them. There are diseases when common analgesics or NSAIDs cannot reduce pain. Hydrocodone is distinguished among many opioid analgesics.

Main information

Hydrocodone is a strong pain-relieving product and is also used for cough. It is an opioid analgesic which effectively reduces a painful syndrome of any severity. The drug is popular under the trade mark Vicodin in the USA.

This medicine has been synthesized about 100 years ago. And this product is still a competitor for many modern products including morphine and tramadol.

Hydrocodone provides a fast and intensive pain-relieving effect. In 20 minutes, a patient completely stops having pain regardless of its origin. The mechanism of such fast action consists in that the pills are quickly absorbed into the gastro-intestinal tract and reach the brain and spinal cord through the blood.

Then, the active ingredients bind to the opioid receptors and completely reduce a transfer of the painful impulses through the central nervous system. A painful threshold is increased, so that Hydrocodone is used even during surgeries.

A combination of Hydrocodone with other anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving products are used by many pharmaceutical manufacturers. In case of the correct use of the pain-relieving ingredients, the action of Hydrocodone grows, and a risk of the medical addiction and side effects is reduced.

More about dosage

A typical dosing regimen of Hydrocodone is 10-60 mg per day to reduce a painful syndrome. Such a broad range is required in order to select an individual dose. If painful syndrome of the middle severity, it is recommended to take Hydrocodone in the dose of 2,5-5 mg 3-4 times per day.

If acute unbearable pain in oncology patients (during metastasis), or traumas, Hydrocodone should be used in the dose of 10-15 mg every 6 hours.

If a patient has a high sensitivity to opioids, a daily dose should not exceed 40 mg.

The pills are used after meals, with a full glass of water. It is contraindicated to take more than 60 mg of Hydrocodone per day.

Recommendations for the use

  • A simultaneous use of Hydrocodone with MAO inhibitors or other opioid analgesics may cause a severe sleepiness. An inhibition of the nervous system may even lead to coma. The same happens, if a human takes Hydrocodone during alcohol intoxication, or takes the pills with beverage drinks
  • A long-term use of Hydrocodone in high doses causes a medical addiction. Therefore, take this medicine in minimal doses, and do not use opioid analgesics to increase the effect (paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen, and others)
  • Do not take Hydrocodone during pregnancy, severe diseases of the cardiovascular system, after myocardial infarction and coronary artery bypass graft, during renal/hepatic failure, and respiratory dysfunctions.

Side effects

The use of Hydrocodone in therapeutic doses seldom causes an yserious side effects. These are insignificant symptoms such as dizziness, euphoria, dry mouth, fatigue, muscle spasms, and high sweating.

But if you have severe sleepiness, low blood pressure, difficult breathing, irregular pulse, vomiting, stop taking the pills and seek for a medical aid. These symptoms happen during overdose. A neglected aid may lead to death.