A pathological electrical activity in the cells of the gray matter may cause an outbreak of epilepsy. As a rule, these outbreaks are accompanied by the change of the consciousness, sensory defects, and also focal motion disorders, jerks of the body. In some cases, the treatment is not prescribed. But if the epilepsy outbreaks appear on a regular basis, it is necessary to start taking Klonopin.
Klonopin is used for the treatment of epilepsy of the generalized type. This form of the attacks is characterized by the infantile spasms, tonic-clonic attacks, loss of consciousness. This medicine contains Clonazepam. This ingredient reduces an electrical activity in the cerebral cortex and reduces an intensity of the epilepsy outbreaks.
Klonopin is required to make the outbreaks seldom and the symptoms unnoticed. During the regular use of the drug, patients do not faint and may take measures to reduce the symptoms.
The mechanism of the action of Clonazepam consists in the increase of the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid. This acid provides a sedative action and reduces an electrical activity between the neurons.
Due to this, an inhibition of the functions of the central nervous system happens. The electrical impulses become less active but the main motion ability of the neurons is not affected. Therefore, a human has a common life and do everyday things without any restrictions.
More about dosage
Klonopin acts differently in every medical case, and therefore doctors recommend to begin the treatment from the minimal doses and gradually increase the dose. To treat epilepsy, Klonopin is used in the dose of 0,5 mg 2-3 times per day. If there are no side effects within 3-4 days, the dose is increased.
A standard therapeutic dose of Klonopin is 2-3 g 3 timesperday.
There are cases of the acute state of the panic attacks or tonic-clonic attacks. In this case, 20 mg of Klonopin may be used to inhibit severe symptoms. But do not take a high dose on a regular basis.
Klonopin is usually taken for 2-3 months, and then a medicine is changed for the effective control of the epilepsy symptoms.
Recommendations for the use
• In 3-4 months of the regular use of Klonopin, there is a risk of the tolerance to the action of the drug. Therefore, the treatment usually lasts for up to 3 months. If you noticed that the efficiency of the drug dropped during the use of the maximal doses, change a medicine
• Pregnant women are not prescribed Klonopin. So, if a pregnancy occurred during the treatment, the drug use is stopped
• If you decided to stop taking Klonopin, do it gradually. A sudden termination may cause spontaneous attacks
• Do not take beverage drinks or ingredients that may increase the inhibition of the nervous system
A reduction of the activity of neurons and a relaxation of the nervous system is often accompanied by the following side effects: muscle weakness, sleepiness, lack of energy, poor coordination, light nausea, and diarrhea. The blood pressure may drop by 5-10 values, but it is not critical.
If the side effects cause a great inconvenience, a daily dose may be reduced but only if it does not cause a high frequency of the attacks.