Paxil: Mighty to Treat Depression
The active ingredient of this medication is paroxetine, and it belongs to the group of antidepressants.
Paxil is taken to treat depression, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress disorders and other anxiety issues. Paxil is also used to get rid of night sweats and hot flashes during menopause.
How It Works
Paxil eliminates serotonin deficit in the synapses of neurons of the brain. Due to paroxetine, this medication has a weak anticholinergic effect, and it helps reduce anxiety, cure insomnia and has mild side effects. Paxil is absorbed well, so it takes some time before it starts influencing positively on the organism. Steady state systemic levels of the medication are attained in 7-14 days after starting the treatment.
When to Use It
Paxil should be prescribed by a therapist only.
Before starting the treatment a patient should be fully diagnosed, and thorough psychological anamnesis should be drawn up (including information regarding suicides in the family). Though the medication is used to treat all types of depression, including reactive and severe depression and depression accompanied by anxiety, controlled clinical trials showed that Paxil is not effective in depression treatment among teenagers (age 13-17).
Besides, it increases cognitive behavioral therapy effects and helps people cope with their nightmares and unfounded fears.
How to Use It
One pill of Paxil contains 20 mg of paroxetine and is taken once a day after breakfast. Depending on what disease is treated, the dose can be changed in the following cases:
- While treating depressions, social phobias or post-traumatic stress disorders the dose of 20 mg is prescribed;
While treating panic attacks the dose of 10 mg is prescribed (the minimum dose is used as at first Paxil may aggravate the situation);
- While treating obsessive-compulsive disorder the dose of 20 mg is prescribed and then gradually increased by 10 mg every weekend;
- During preventive treatment a 20 mg dose is recommended.
The minimum treatment course with Paxil is 4 months. Before stopping taking the drug the prescribed dose is gradually reduced by 10 mg per week. Older patients can begin their treatment with 40 mg.
Contraindications and Side Effects
Most medications, if misused or overused, may cause some side effects. However, if they are mild, don’t persist or bother you, there is no need to worry as your body gets adjusted to the medication. Nevertheless, the most commonsideeffectsinclude the following:
- Headache, migraine;
- Aggravation of depression;
- Impotence, ejaculationviolation;
- Hostility, aggression;
- Acute glaucoma (rarely), blurred vision;
- Body weight increase;
- Sinusitis, rhinitis;
- Excessive sweating.
In case you feel there is something wrong, or some of the adverse effects become severe, seek emergency medical assistance.
Paxil should not be taken:
- With Thioridazine, as it may increase Thioridazine plasma concentration. Note: Thioridazine is used to treat mental and emotional disorders accompanied by fear, stress or excitation;
- During lactation, as a small dose of Paxil may be found in breast milk;
- By children, as it may increase depression and suicidal thoughts.
During pregnancy it is necessary to consult your therapist before starting the treatment course with Paxil. In case pregnant woman is administered the drug, she should be under constant supervision of her healthcare provider.
Storage and Release Conditions
Paxil is available at both land-based and online pharmacies and can be purchased with prescription only. It should be stored in a dry place with the temperature not higher than 25°C and out of children’s reach. The maximum storage period is 3 years.